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Lake Mikimba (03064002)


Authority A Rocha Kenya
Management status COMMUNAL LAND
Conservation status Not protected
IBA information
Ramsar information
Heritage information
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Lake Mikimba is one of a number of seasonal lakes that sit in an old river channel of the Sabaki River - effectively an oxbow lake though the whole river course changed dramatically leaving a long section of river channel cut off from the water flow which is now a series of long, narrow lakes. Mikimba is one of the larger ones stretching for almost 4 km in total though the area counted for waterbirds is about 2.5 km in length.
A long, narrow lake with sloping shores in some areas well-wooded with Acacia-Comiphora woodland that is rich in birdlife. The open water component of the lake is fringed by broad reed beds with grass.
The lake appears to have a source of water that other lakes in the area do not have since even during the drought of 2016-2017 it was very full. Water is fresh and there does not appear to be a flow of water through the lake.
The open water holds some waterlilies which are home to duck and rallids; the reed beds are popular with herons and egrets. The surrounding woodland is rich in birdlife and is likely to hold reasonable populations of other wildlife - though snaring is rampant and the habitat is certainly starting to get heavily degraded. Some of the woodland around the lake has been clear-felled in recent years which is a trend seen elsewhere with other similar seasonal lakes. For these lakes the clearance has led to serious erosion of top soil off the surrounding slopes into the lake leading to major siltation and a dramatic reduction in the area of water remaining.

SppCommon nameTaxonomic nameMinAvgMaxIBASubregional
50Cormorant, ReedMicrocarbo africanus90287.00484   
203Crake, BlackZapornia flavirostra22.002
52Darter, AfricanAnhinga rufa45.507   
101Duck, Fulvous WhistlingDendrocygna bicolor2626.0026   
91Duck, Knob-billedSarkidiornis melanotos45143.50242   
104Duck, White-backedThalassornis leuconotus77.007   
100Duck, White-faced WhistlingDendrocygna viduata73208.00343   
58Egret, GreatArdea alba514.0023   
60Egret, IntermediateArdea intermedia22.002   
59Egret, LittleEgretta garzetta1010.0010   
61Egret, Western CattleBubulcus ibis33.003   
86Flamingo, Greater Phoenicopterus roseus2828.0028   
92Goose, African PygmyNettapus auritus613.0020   
6Grebe, LittleTachybaptus ruficollis55.005   
263Greenshank, CommonTringa nebularia1818.0018   
166Harrier, Western MarshCircus aeruginosus11.502
55Heron, Black-headedArdea melanocephala33.003   
56Heron, GoliathArdea goliath11.001   
54Heron, GreyArdea cinerea34.506   
57Heron, PurpleArdea purpurea22.002   
62Heron, SquaccoArdeola ralloides24.006   
81Ibis, African SacredThreskiornis aethiopicus47.5011   
83Ibis, GlossyPlegadis falcinellus2766.00105   
228Jacana, AfricanActophilornis africanus3256.0080   
395Kingfisher, GiantMegaceryle maxima11.001
397Kingfisher, MalachiteCorythornis cristatus22.002
394Kingfisher, PiedCeryle rudis1515.5016
210Moorhen, CommonGallinula chloropus12.003   
74Openbill, AfricanAnastomus lamelligerus6069.0078   
41Pelican, Pink-backedPelecanus rufescens66.006   
886Pintail, NorthernAnas acuta1111.0011
238Plover, Three-bandedCharadrius tricollaris22.002   
258Sandpiper, CommonActitis hypoleucos11.001  
264Sandpiper, WoodTringa glareola22.503   
85Spoonbill, AfricanPlatalea alba33.003   
270Stilt, Black-wingedHimantopus himantopus1515.0015   
76Stork, Yellow-billedMycteria ibis22.002   
208Swamphen, AfricanPorphyrio madagascariensis55.005  
304Tern, White-wingedChlidonias leucopterus2246.0070   
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Saturday 02 December 2023 08:05
FitzPatrick Institute of African Ornithology
Department of Biological Sciences - University of Cape Town

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