Email: CS/ADU no: Password:  
  Forgot/Reset password

Lake Jilore (03113954)


Management status COMMUNAL LAND
Conservation status UNPROTECTED
IBA information
Ramsar information
Heritage information
View Cards


A seasonal lake that in years of heavy rains (e.g. El Nino 1997/98) can be very extensive and hold large numbers of waterbirds. As it dries out, the edge is turned into farmland and currently (2016) much of the lake is actually cultivated with only a small residual section that holds water. The count area has therefore reduced substantially from when first counted - reflected in the number of birds recorded.
As in many other seasonal lakes in the area, a shallow valley surrounded by low hills that historically were covered in dense forest and thicket. Over the 15-20 years since the late 1990s, this cover has been almost completely removed and had poor farming techniques employed on steep slopes leading to heavy erosion and siltation of the lake. The lake is therefore now largely filled in with sediment and farmed. Open water and mud is restricted now to c. 3 ha area (c. 300 x 100 m).
Seasonal wetland depending 100% on rainfall for water - there are no drainage channels running into it. When it gets extremely full, water will drain through a stream outlet to the north-east towards the Sabaki River.
Lake Jilore lies immediately adjacent to the Arabuko-Sokoke Forest reserve. Historically it was an important watering site for elephant and other wildlife. However an elephant fence erected along the forest boundary has stopped any elephants accessing the lake water and this environmental service has gone. Much of the natural habitat in the surrounding hills and area has been cleared for poor quality farming that has led to heavy erosion and degradation of the land and habitats in general.

SppCommon nameTaxonomic nameMinAvgMaxIBASubregional
255Calidris alba1212.0012   
885Spatula querquedula718.2536
256Calidris pugnax138.00162  
66Bittern, DwarfIxobrychus sturmii55.005   
50Cormorant, ReedMicrocarbo africanus242.00133   
47Cormorant, White-breasted Phalacrocorax lucidus33.003   
203Crake, BlackZapornia flavirostra14.2510
52Darter, AfricanAnhinga rufa33.003   
101Duck, Fulvous WhistlingDendrocygna bicolor56.508   
91Duck, Knob-billedSarkidiornis melanotos615.5025   
10014Duck, UnidentifiedN/A N/A8585.0085
104Duck, White-backedThalassornis leuconotus24.339   
100Duck, White-faced WhistlingDendrocygna viduata2145.71558   
149Eagle, African FishHaliaeetus vocifer11.001
2188Egret, DimorphicEgretta dimorpha88.008
58Egret, GreatArdea alba11.673   
60Egret, IntermediateArdea intermedia13.675   
59Egret, LittleEgretta garzetta12.675   
61Egret, Western CattleBubulcus ibis12.504   
86Flamingo, Greater Phoenicopterus roseus2668.6790   
266Godwit, Bar-tailedLimosa lapponica11.001   
92Goose, African PygmyNettapus auritus126.5067   
89Goose, EgyptianAlopochen aegyptiaca22.002   
6Grebe, LittleTachybaptus ruficollis493.75348 250 
263Greenshank, CommonTringa nebularia19.6717   
933Gull, Black-headedChroicocephalus ridibundus11.672
64Heron, BlackEgretta ardesiaca19.0013   
69Heron, Black-crowned NightNycticorax nycticorax1010.0010   
55Heron, Black-headedArdea melanocephala22.403   
56Heron, GoliathArdea goliath11.503   
54Heron, GreyArdea cinerea11.603   
57Heron, PurpleArdea purpurea77.007   
62Heron, SquaccoArdeola ralloides29.6716   
63Heron, StriatedButorides striata77.007   
81Ibis, African SacredThreskiornis aethiopicus12.204   
83Ibis, GlossyPlegadis falcinellus26.0010   
228Jacana, AfricanActophilornis africanus445.50121   
397Kingfisher, MalachiteCorythornis cristatus24.005
400Kingfisher, MangroveHalcyon senegaloides11.001
394Kingfisher, PiedCeryle rudis210.1720
1031Lapwing, Spur-wingedVanellus spinosus11.672
210Moorhen, CommonGallinula chloropus11.672   
74Openbill, AfricanAnastomus lamelligerus1444.83113   
172Osprey, WesternPandion haliaetus11.001
42Pelican, Great WhitePelecanus onocrotalus35.006   
41Pelican, Pink-backedPelecanus rufescens47.6710   
233Plover, Common RingedCharadrius hiaticula39.8326   
239Plover, Greater SandCharadrius leschenaultii22.002   
237Plover, Kittlitz'sCharadrius pecuarius13.005   
955Plover, Little RingedCharadrius dubius11.001
238Plover, Three-bandedCharadrius tricollaris22.503   
235Plover, White-frontedCharadrius marginatus11.001   
102Pochard, SouthernNetta erythrophthalma27.6719   
281Pratincole, CollaredGlareola pratincola11.502   
260Redshank, SpottedTringa erythropus11.001 
258Sandpiper, CommonActitis hypoleucos26.8321  
251Sandpiper, CurlewCalidris ferruginea215.5029  
262Sandpiper, MarshTringa stagnatilis18.5026   
264Sandpiper, WoodTringa glareola613.4320   
1342Shelduck, CommonTadorna tadorna44.004
250Snipe, AfricanGallinago nigripennis510.5016   
249Snipe, GreatGallinago media22.002   
85Spoonbill, AfricanPlatalea alba24.4011   
270Stilt, Black-wingedHimantopus himantopus1026.6064   
253Stint, LittleCalidris minuta343.4096   
76Stork, Yellow-billedMycteria ibis11.001   
99Teal, Blue-billedSpatula hottentota15.5010   
290Tern, CaspianHydroprogne caspia1111.0011   
902Tern, Gull-billedGelochelidon nilotica16.8025 
2070Tern, Saunders'sSternula saundersi1313.0013
10009Tern, UnidentifiedN/A N/A2354.0085
304Tern, White-wingedChlidonias leucopterus17108.29188   
10008Wader, UnidentifiedN/A N/A1313.0013
FITZ logo Ramsar Wetlands International

Saturday 02 December 2023 06:24
FitzPatrick Institute of African Ornithology
Department of Biological Sciences - University of Cape Town

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported License