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Spitskop Dam (28042433)

Northern Cape

CWAC status REGISTERED-COUNTED IRREGULARLY
Authority Northern Cape Department of Tourism, Environment and Conservation
Management status STATE IMPOUNDMENT
Conservation status PARTLY PROTECTED
IBA information SA028 - SPITSKOP DAM
Ramsar information
Heritage information
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Information 

Date_registered
1996-01-25
Brief_description
Summer and winter counts for 1996-97 show that this IBA is important for waterbirds, usually holding higher numbers than any other Northern Cape site. A large dam on the Harts River; varied shoreline habitats, including grass, reeds and mud. Cormorants and Darter breed. Globally significant numbers of Great Crested Grebe, Dabchick and Darter in winter, of African Spoonbill and South African Shelduck in summer, and of Redknobbed Coot all year. Nationally significant numbers of Darter, Cape Shoveller and Whitewinged Tern in summer. High counts of cormorants and flamingos, especially in winter, and of Goliath Heron all year. Good summer counts of Cattle Egret, Squacco Heron, Yellowbilled Stork, ibises, Blackwinged Stilt and Greyheaded Gull. Numbers of Egyptian Goose peak in summer, of Spurwinged Goose, Yellowbilled Duck and Redbilled Teal in winter. Important threats include pesticide and fertiliser pollution, and fishing; mild threats are siltation, hunting/poaching and livestock grazing/trampling.

SppCommon nameTaxonomic nameMinAvgMaxIBASubregional
IBA
RAMSAR
256Calidris pugnax1213.381282  
72Scopus umbretta22.002   
269Avocet, PiedRecurvirostra avosetta339.73127 125 
67Bittern, LittleIxobrychus minutus12.005   
212Coot, Red-knobbedFulica cristata1306138.38179285000250010000
50Cormorant, ReedMicrocarbo africanus48471.951418   
47Cormorant, White-breasted Phalacrocorax lucidus13197.95780  130
203Crake, BlackZapornia flavirostra14.1913
52Darter, AfricanAnhinga rufa1196.10569500250 
91Duck, Knob-billedSarkidiornis melanotos11.502   
103Duck, MaccoaOxyura maccoa11.502   
10014Duck, UnidentifiedN/A N/A129.67156
104Duck, White-backedThalassornis leuconotus224.14111 110 
100Duck, White-faced WhistlingDendrocygna viduata111.5572   
96Duck, Yellow-billedAnas undulata29167.29834   
149Eagle, African FishHaliaeetus vocifer12.335
58Egret, GreatArdea alba220.9262   
60Egret, IntermediateArdea intermedia110.4450   
59Egret, LittleEgretta garzetta120.20100   
61Egret, Western CattleBubulcus ibis2328.621000   
86Flamingo, Greater Phoenicopterus roseus3190.35816 625750
87Flamingo, LesserPhoeniconaias minor2888.935829  600
265Godwit, Black-tailedLimosa limosa114.5028 
10004Goose, DomesticAnser anser22.333
89Goose, EgyptianAlopochen aegyptiaca41463.55854   
88Goose, Spur-wingedPlectropterus gambensis1131.93730  710
5Grebe, Black-neckedPodiceps nigricollis13.005   
4Grebe, Great CrestedPodiceps cristatus139.001585025100
6Grebe, LittleTachybaptus ruficollis1272.84959500250 
263Greenshank, CommonTringa nebularia17.2716   
288Gull, Grey-headedChroicocephalus cirrocephalus8116.00333   
287Gull, KelpLarus dominicanus55.005   
899Gull, Lesser Black-backedLarus fuscus12.8812
167Harrier, African MarshCircus ranivorus11.001
64Heron, BlackEgretta ardesiaca824.2550   
69Heron, Black-crowned NightNycticorax nycticorax111.5829   
55Heron, Black-headedArdea melanocephala14.8819   
56Heron, GoliathArdea goliath720.1541   
54Heron, GreyArdea cinerea332.0073   
57Heron, PurpleArdea purpurea13.206   
62Heron, SquaccoArdeola ralloides163.62321 250 
81Ibis, African SacredThreskiornis aethiopicus112.3571   
83Ibis, GlossyPlegadis falcinellus247.06458   
84Ibis, Hadada Bostrychia hagedash14.6712   
228Jacana, AfricanActophilornis africanus15.3010   
397Kingfisher, MalachiteCorythornis cristatus11.252
394Kingfisher, PiedCeryle rudis13.7912
245Lapwing, BlacksmithVanellus armatus3132.81308   
509Martin, Brown-throatedRiparia paludicola11.001
210Moorhen, CommonGallinula chloropus468.33269   
74Openbill, AfricanAnastomus lamelligerus88.008   
172Osprey, WesternPandion haliaetus11.001
361Owl, MarshAsio capensis11.001
41Pelican, Pink-backedPelecanus rufescens422.5551   
271Phalarope, RedPhalaropus fulicarius11.001
240Plover, CaspianCharadrius asiaticus15.7514   
236Plover, Chestnut-bandedCharadrius pallidus12.144   
233Plover, Common RingedCharadrius hiaticula135.82100   
241Plover, GreyPluvialis squatarola11.001   
237Plover, Kittlitz'sCharadrius pecuarius3155.71371   
238Plover, Three-bandedCharadrius tricollaris114.3249   
102Pochard, SouthernNetta erythrophthalma113.1143   
282Pratincole, Black-wingedGlareola nordmanni17.3321   
281Pratincole, CollaredGlareola pratincola11.001   
197Rail, AfricanRallus caerulescens22.002-1
258Sandpiper, CommonActitis hypoleucos11.573  
251Sandpiper, CurlewCalidris ferruginea11287.67953  
262Sandpiper, MarshTringa stagnatilis115.6962   
895Sandpiper, PectoralCalidris melanotos11.001
264Sandpiper, WoodTringa glareola111.8740   
90Shelduck, South AfricanTadorna cana7534.352926420210500
94Shoveler, CapeSpatula smithii17153.26292 175 
250Snipe, AfricanGallinago nigripennis112.1329   
85Spoonbill, AfricanPlatalea alba181.0525715075 
270Stilt, Black-wingedHimantopus himantopus559.10148   
253Stint, LittleCalidris minuta1342.221329   
73Stork, MarabouLeptoptilos crumenifer11.502   
80Stork, WhiteCiconia ciconia33.003  1
76Stork, Yellow-billedMycteria ibis130.6763   
208Swamphen, AfricanPorphyrio madagascariensis17.6522  
99Teal, Blue-billedSpatula hottentota18.9324   
98Teal, CapeAnas capensis138.63130   
97Teal, Red-billedAnas erythrorhyncha474.00336   
290Tern, CaspianHydroprogne caspia236.562311356820
291Tern, CommonSterna hirundo22.002   
10009Tern, UnidentifiedN/A N/A1240.3371
305Tern, WhiskeredChlidonias hybrida288.873211507585
304Tern, White-wingedChlidonias leucopterus2719.21249820001000 
10008Wader, UnidentifiedN/A N/A5128.14500
686Wagtail, CapeMotacilla capensis157.45237
689Wagtail, Western YellowMotacilla flava12.005
268Whimbrel, Eurasian Numenius phaeopus22.002   
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Wednesday 01 February 2023 12:25
FitzPatrick Institute of African Ornithology
Department of Biological Sciences - University of Cape Town

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