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Rusfontein Dam (29182637)

Free State

Authority Free State Department of Tourism, Environmental and Economic Affairs
Conservation status PROTECTED
IBA information
Ramsar information
Heritage information
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A large state dam in the Rustfontein Nature Reserve. Numbers of cormorants, South African Shelduck, Redbilled Teal and Southern Pochard are higher in summer, while Dabchick, Egyptian and Spurwinged Geese, and Threebanded Plover are commoner in winter. The number of species observed has remained fairly constant in summer but has declined in winter, while total count and biomass figures show a decline in summer. The high total count and biomass for summer 1992 and 1993, and winter 1997, reflect large numbers of Redknobbed Coot (a nationally significant count in 1997); in summer 1993 there was also a high count of Whitebreasted Cormorant. Important threats are fishing (especially planned commercial netting) and boating; hunting/poaching is a mild threat.

SppCommon nameTaxonomic nameMinAvgMaxIBASubregional
1016Anas platyrhynchos11.001
256Calidris pugnax1182.55691  
72Scopus umbretta11.332   
269Avocet, PiedRecurvirostra avosetta14.008   
212Coot, Red-knobbedFulica cristata31001.003489 2500 
50Cormorant, ReedMicrocarbo africanus120.40102   
47Cormorant, White-breasted Phalacrocorax lucidus140.57233  130
214Crane, Grey CrownedBalearica regulorum11.502   
52Darter, AfricanAnhinga rufa126.4199   
95Duck, African BlackAnas sparsa12.255   
10014Duck, UnidentifiedN/A N/A44.004
100Duck, White-faced WhistlingDendrocygna viduata15.7932   
96Duck, Yellow-billedAnas undulata5102.60385   
149Eagle, African FishHaliaeetus vocifer11.292
58Egret, GreatArdea alba12.889   
60Egret, IntermediateArdea intermedia12.335   
59Egret, LittleEgretta garzetta18.1051   
61Egret, Western CattleBubulcus ibis132.95335   
86Flamingo, Greater Phoenicopterus roseus16.6723   
87Flamingo, LesserPhoeniconaias minor15.009   
89Goose, EgyptianAlopochen aegyptiaca6343.511773 1750 
88Goose, Spur-wingedPlectropterus gambensis130.21176   
5Grebe, Black-neckedPodiceps nigricollis11.001   
4Grebe, Great CrestedPodiceps cristatus111.53655025 
6Grebe, LittleTachybaptus ruficollis121.4458   
263Greenshank, CommonTringa nebularia12.959   
288Gull, Grey-headedChroicocephalus cirrocephalus121.89174   
167Harrier, African MarshCircus ranivorus11.001
64Heron, BlackEgretta ardesiaca11.001   
69Heron, Black-crowned NightNycticorax nycticorax11.001   
55Heron, Black-headedArdea melanocephala12.5810   
56Heron, GoliathArdea goliath19.3419   
54Heron, GreyArdea cinerea19.3829   
57Heron, PurpleArdea purpurea11.001   
62Heron, SquaccoArdeola ralloides11.001   
81Ibis, African SacredThreskiornis aethiopicus18.93104   
83Ibis, GlossyPlegadis falcinellus211.0046   
84Ibis, Hadada Bostrychia hagedash17.9559   
228Jacana, AfricanActophilornis africanus22.002   
395Kingfisher, GiantMegaceryle maxima11.001
397Kingfisher, MalachiteCorythornis cristatus11.001
394Kingfisher, PiedCeryle rudis11.958
245Lapwing, BlacksmithVanellus armatus183.38321   
509Martin, Brown-throatedRiparia paludicola11.001
210Moorhen, CommonGallinula chloropus17.0013   
172Osprey, WesternPandion haliaetus11.001
361Owl, MarshAsio capensis11.001
42Pelican, Great WhitePelecanus onocrotalus13.005   
41Pelican, Pink-backedPelecanus rufescens11.001   
233Plover, Common RingedCharadrius hiaticula17.3325   
241Plover, GreyPluvialis squatarola22.002   
237Plover, Kittlitz'sCharadrius pecuarius134.66479   
238Plover, Three-bandedCharadrius tricollaris16.1953   
102Pochard, SouthernNetta erythrophthalma115.5091   
282Pratincole, Black-wingedGlareola nordmanni1010.0010   
258Sandpiper, CommonActitis hypoleucos12.1211  
251Sandpiper, CurlewCalidris ferruginea2138.39598  
262Sandpiper, MarshTringa stagnatilis13.7310   
264Sandpiper, WoodTringa glareola11.674   
90Shelduck, South AfricanTadorna cana167.22234 210 
94Shoveler, CapeSpatula smithii117.00142   
250Snipe, AfricanGallinago nigripennis12.336   
85Spoonbill, AfricanPlatalea alba110.4439   
270Stilt, Black-wingedHimantopus himantopus114.0378   
253Stint, LittleCalidris minuta1219.74973   
76Stork, Yellow-billedMycteria ibis13.6410   
208Swamphen, AfricanPorphyrio madagascariensis33.003  
10007Swan, Black Cygnus atratus11.001
99Teal, Blue-billedSpatula hottentota22.002   
98Teal, CapeAnas capensis18.6867   
97Teal, Red-billedAnas erythrorhyncha118.9091   
290Tern, CaspianHydroprogne caspia121.37125 6820
305Tern, WhiskeredChlidonias hybrida115.2970   
304Tern, White-wingedChlidonias leucopterus1252.36200620001000 
10008Wader, UnidentifiedN/A N/A11.001
686Wagtail, CapeMotacilla capensis134.82302
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Thursday 22 February 2024 06:54
FitzPatrick Institute of African Ornithology
Department of Biological Sciences - University of Cape Town

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