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Gariep Dam: West (30372537)

Free State

Authority Free State Department of Tourism, Environmental and Economic Affairs
Conservation status PROTECTED
Ramsar information
Heritage information
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A large, state-owned dam surrounded by nature reserves, which comprise an IBA. Most of shoreline unsuitable for shorebirds, but the dam supports large numbers of waterbirds. Globally significant numbers of South African Shelduck occur in summer (this is a moulting site) and of Yellowbilled Duck all year, and nationally significant numbers of Egyptian Goose are recorded in summer. Good numbers of Redbilled Teal occur in summer, and of Cape Shoveller and Spurwinged Goose in winter. High counts of Grey and Goliath Herons, and African Spoonbill, are recorded, especially in summer, and of Caspian Tern in winter. African Fish Eagle is resident in good numbers. A good count of 22 Yellowbilled Stork was made in summer 1996. Summer counts of several species increased during survey period (see graphs). An important threat is the diversion of water in the catchment by dam building in Lesotho; mild threats are posed by boating, fishing and siltation.

SppCommon nameTaxonomic nameMinAvgMaxIBASubregional
72Scopus umbretta77.007   
256Calidris pugnax11.001  
269Avocet, PiedRecurvirostra avosetta56.007   
212Coot, Red-knobbedFulica cristata29.5534   
50Cormorant, ReedMicrocarbo africanus118.5078   
47Cormorant, White-breasted Phalacrocorax lucidus145.83283  130
216Crane, BlueGrus paradisea2024.0028   
52Darter, AfricanAnhinga rufa135.41115   
95Duck, African BlackAnas sparsa22.002   
10014Duck, UnidentifiedN/A N/A77.007
100Duck, White-faced WhistlingDendrocygna viduata777.33189   
96Duck, Yellow-billedAnas undulata2197.23199317008501000
149Eagle, African FishHaliaeetus vocifer213.8124
58Egret, GreatArdea alba111.7543   
60Egret, IntermediateArdea intermedia55.005   
59Egret, LittleEgretta garzetta16.6720   
61Egret, Western CattleBubulcus ibis119.4559   
86Flamingo, Greater Phoenicopterus roseus1414.0014   
87Flamingo, LesserPhoeniconaias minor55.005   
89Goose, EgyptianAlopochen aegyptiaca171219.133578350017503200
88Goose, Spur-wingedPlectropterus gambensis2103.38530   
5Grebe, Black-neckedPodiceps nigricollis44.004   
6Grebe, LittleTachybaptus ruficollis227.6792   
263Greenshank, CommonTringa nebularia11.001   
288Gull, Grey-headedChroicocephalus cirrocephalus117.4884   
69Heron, Black-crowned NightNycticorax nycticorax11.001   
55Heron, Black-headedArdea melanocephala11.672   
56Heron, GoliathArdea goliath522.1950   
54Heron, GreyArdea cinerea131.7798   
81Ibis, African SacredThreskiornis aethiopicus468.00362   
84Ibis, Hadada Bostrychia hagedash46.008   
82Ibis, Southern BaldGeronticus calvus1111.0011 
395Kingfisher, GiantMegaceryle maxima12.504
394Kingfisher, PiedCeryle rudis12.579
245Lapwing, BlacksmithVanellus armatus412.6031   
509Martin, Brown-throatedRiparia paludicola11.001
172Osprey, WesternPandion haliaetus11.001
237Plover, Kittlitz'sCharadrius pecuarius1212.0012   
238Plover, Three-bandedCharadrius tricollaris12.334   
258Sandpiper, CommonActitis hypoleucos22.002  
251Sandpiper, CurlewCalidris ferruginea12.003  
90Shelduck, South AfricanTadorna cana3178.071287420210500
94Shoveler, CapeSpatula smithii338.83121   
250Snipe, AfricanGallinago nigripennis11.001   
85Spoonbill, AfricanPlatalea alba551.0021515075 
270Stilt, Black-wingedHimantopus himantopus320.5451   
253Stint, LittleCalidris minuta813.3322   
79Stork, BlackCiconia nigra11.001   
80Stork, WhiteCiconia ciconia11.001  1
76Stork, Yellow-billedMycteria ibis27.6717   
98Teal, CapeAnas capensis415.7162   
97Teal, Red-billedAnas erythrorhyncha3192.33570   
290Tern, CaspianHydroprogne caspia234.52109 6820
10009Tern, UnidentifiedN/A N/A33.003
304Tern, White-wingedChlidonias leucopterus44.004   
10008Wader, UnidentifiedN/A N/A1128.50256
685Wagtail, African PiedMotacilla aguimp17.6226
686Wagtail, CapeMotacilla capensis27.2214
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Thursday 25 July 2024 08:01
FitzPatrick Institute of African Ornithology
Department of Biological Sciences - University of Cape Town

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