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Gariep Dam: East (30382550)

Free State

Authority Free State Department of Tourism, Environmental and Economic Affairs
Conservation status PROTECTED
IBA information
Ramsar information
Heritage information
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A large, state-owned dam surrounded by nature reserves, which comprise an IBA. Most of shoreline unsuitable for shorebirds, but the dam supports large numbers of waterbirds. Globally significant numbers of South African Shelduck occur in summer (this is a moulting site) and of Yellowbilled Duck all year, and nationally significant numbers of Egyptian Goose are recorded in summer. Good numbers of Redbilled Teal occur in summer, and of Cape Shoveller and Spurwinged Goose in winter. High counts of Grey and Goliath Herons, and African Spoonbill, are recorded, especially in summer, and of Caspian Tern in winter. African Fish Eagle is resident in good numbers. A good count of 22 Yellowbilled Stork was made in summer 1996. Summer counts of several species increased during survey period (see graphs). An important threat is the diversion of water in the catchment by dam building in Lesotho; mild threats are posed by boating, fishing and siltation.

SppCommon nameTaxonomic nameMinAvgMaxIBASubregional
72Scopus umbretta11.001   
269Avocet, PiedRecurvirostra avosetta24.8313   
212Coot, Red-knobbedFulica cristata111.75106   
50Cormorant, ReedMicrocarbo africanus17.7529   
47Cormorant, White-breasted Phalacrocorax lucidus118.9582   
216Crane, BlueGrus paradisea1135.5075   
214Crane, Grey CrownedBalearica regulorum11.252   
52Darter, AfricanAnhinga rufa131.2090   
95Duck, African BlackAnas sparsa11.001   
91Duck, Knob-billedSarkidiornis melanotos44.004   
100Duck, White-faced WhistlingDendrocygna viduata2194.001145   
96Duck, Yellow-billedAnas undulata2264.931553 8501000
149Eagle, African FishHaliaeetus vocifer410.4222
58Egret, GreatArdea alba11.001   
59Egret, LittleEgretta garzetta33.003   
61Egret, Western CattleBubulcus ibis136.11185   
86Flamingo, Greater Phoenicopterus roseus268.00200   
89Goose, EgyptianAlopochen aegyptiaca3172072.226678350017503200
88Goose, Spur-wingedPlectropterus gambensis9216.77872  710
5Grebe, Black-neckedPodiceps nigricollis11.001   
6Grebe, LittleTachybaptus ruficollis367.25443 250 
263Greenshank, CommonTringa nebularia12.808   
288Gull, Grey-headedChroicocephalus cirrocephalus351.32154   
69Heron, Black-crowned NightNycticorax nycticorax11.001   
55Heron, Black-headedArdea melanocephala12.333   
56Heron, GoliathArdea goliath18.3823   
54Heron, GreyArdea cinerea230.3582   
81Ibis, African SacredThreskiornis aethiopicus18.3828   
83Ibis, GlossyPlegadis falcinellus11.001   
84Ibis, Hadada Bostrychia hagedash15.0011   
397Kingfisher, MalachiteCorythornis cristatus11.001
394Kingfisher, PiedCeryle rudis11.402
245Lapwing, BlacksmithVanellus armatus225.17123   
509Martin, Brown-throatedRiparia paludicola11.001
210Moorhen, CommonGallinula chloropus99.009   
172Osprey, WesternPandion haliaetus22.002
237Plover, Kittlitz'sCharadrius pecuarius117.0060   
238Plover, Three-bandedCharadrius tricollaris19.3328   
102Pochard, SouthernNetta erythrophthalma172.75270 250 
258Sandpiper, CommonActitis hypoleucos12.675  
262Sandpiper, MarshTringa stagnatilis22.002   
90Shelduck, South AfricanTadorna cana291.93436420210 
94Shoveler, CapeSpatula smithii113.0035   
85Spoonbill, AfricanPlatalea alba138.37139 75 
270Stilt, Black-wingedHimantopus himantopus123.42148   
253Stint, LittleCalidris minuta21145.67311   
73Stork, MarabouLeptoptilos crumenifer11.001   
76Stork, Yellow-billedMycteria ibis14.8217   
98Teal, CapeAnas capensis110.0038   
97Teal, Red-billedAnas erythrorhyncha177.29937   
290Tern, CaspianHydroprogne caspia172.004031356820
304Tern, White-wingedChlidonias leucopterus620.0034   
10008Wader, UnidentifiedN/A N/A164.75246
685Wagtail, African PiedMotacilla aguimp14.2016
686Wagtail, CapeMotacilla capensis111.89116
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Saturday 09 December 2023 08:13
FitzPatrick Institute of African Ornithology
Department of Biological Sciences - University of Cape Town

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